Effects of nonlinear wave coupling: Accelerated solitons

Year: 2007

Authors: Degasperis A., Conforti M., Baronio F., Wabnitz S.

Autors Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Università La Sapienza, P.le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy; Dipartimento di Elettronica per l\’Automazione, Università di Brescia, via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy; Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, UMR 5209 CNRS, Università de Bourgogne, 9 Av. A. Savary, 21078 Dijon, France

Abstract: Boomerons are described as accelerated solitons forspecial integrable systems of coupled wave equations. A generalformalism based on the Lax pair method is set up to introduce such systems which look of Nonlinear Schrödinger-type with linear, quadratic and cubic coupling terms. The one-soliton solution of such general systems is also briefly discussed. We display special instances of wave systems which are of potential interest for applications, including dispersion-less models of resonating waves. Among these, special attention and details are given to the celebrated equations describing the resonant interaction of three waves, in view of their application to optical pulse propagation in quadratic nonlinear media. For this particular case, we present exact solutions of the three-wave resonant interaction system, in the form of triplets moving with a common nonlinear velocity (simultons). The simultons have nontrivial phase-fronts and exist for different velocities and energy flows. We studied simulton stability upon propagation, and found that solitons with avelocity greater than a certain critical value are stable. We explore a novel consequence of the particle-like nature ofthree-wave simultons, namely their inelastic scattering with particular linear waves. Such phenomenon is associated with the excitation (decay) of stable (unstable) simultons by means of the absorption (emission) of the energy carried by a particular isolated pulse. Inelastic processes are exactly described in terms of boomerons. We also briefly consider collisions between different three-wave simultons.

Journal/Review: EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL-SPECIAL TOPICS

Volume: 147 (1)      Pages from: 233  to: 252

KeyWords: Inverse spectral transform; Resonant interaction; Solitary waves; Quadratic nonlinearities; Homogeneous medium; Plasma-waves; Equations; Pulses; Media; Stability
DOI: 10.1140/epjst/e2007-00211-y

Citations: 9
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