Scientific Results

Zero-area ultrashort single photons

Year: 2015

Authors: Costanzo L.S., Coelho A.S., Pellegrino D., Mendes M.S., Acioli L., Cassemiro K.N., Felinto D., Zavatta A., Bellini M.

Autors Affiliation: Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO-CNR), Largo E. Fermi 6, Florence, 50125, Italy; LENS, Department of Physics, University of Firenze, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy; Departamento de Engenharia, Instituto Camillo Filho, Teresina, PI, 64049-230, Brazil; Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50670-901, Brazil

Abstract: We demonstrate that the interaction of ultrashort single photons with a dense resonant atomic sample deeply modifies the temporal shape of their wavepacket mode without degrading their non-classical character, and effectively generates zero-area single-photon pulses.

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KeyWords: Particle beams; Photons, Atomic sample; Single photons; Single-photon pulse; Temporal shape, Light