Switchable Stimuli-Responsive Heterogeneous Catalysis

Year: 2018

Authors: Vassalini I., Alessandri I.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Brescia, Consorzio Interuniv Nazl Sci & Tecnol Mat INSTM R, Via Branze 38, I-25123 Brescia, Italy. Univ Brescia, Chem Technol Lab, Mech & Ind Engn Dept, Via Branze 38, I-25123 Brescia, Italy. Italian Natl Res Council INO CNR, Natl Inst Opt, Via Branze 38, I-25123 Brescia, Italy.

Abstract: Heterogeneous catalytic systems based on the use of stimuli-responsive materials can be switched from an “on” active state to an “off” inactive state, which contributes to endowing the catalysts with unique functional properties, such as adaptability, recyclability and precise spatial and temporal control on different types of chemical reactions. All these properties constitute a step toward the development of nature-inspired catalytic systems. Even if this is a niche area in the field of catalysis, it is possible to find in literature intriguing examples of dynamic catalysts, whose systematic analysis and review are still lacking. The aim of this work is to examine the recent developments of stimuli-responsive heterogeneous catalytic systems from the viewpoint of different approaches that have been proposed to obtain a dynamic control of catalytic efficiency. Because of the variety of reactions and conditions, it is difficult to make a quantitative comparison between the efficiencies of the considered systems, but the analysis of the different strategies can inspire the preparation of new smart catalytic systems.

Journal/Review: CATALYSTS

Volume: 8 (12)      Pages from: 569-1  to: 569-25

KeyWords: switchable catalysis; heterogeneous catalysis; smart materials; stimuli-responsive; on-demand catalysis
DOI: 10.3390/catal8120569

Citations: 18
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