Observation of a group of dark rogue waves in a telecommunication optical fiber

Year: 2018

Authors: Baronio F., Frisquet B., Chen S., Millot G., Wabnitz S., Kibler B.

Autors Affiliation: INO CNR and Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy;
Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, UMR 6303 CNRS/Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21078 Dijon, France; Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China

Abstract: Over the past decade, the rogue wave debate has stimulated the comparison of predictions and observations among different branches of wave physics, particularly between hydrodynamics and optics, in situations where analogous dynamical behaviors can be identified, thanks to the use of common universal models. Although the scalar nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) has constantly played a central role for rogue wave investigations, moving beyond the standard NLSE model is relevant and needful for describing more general classes of physical systems and applications. In this direction, the coupled NLSEs are known to play a pivotal role for the understanding of the complex wave dynamics in hydrodynamics and optics. Benefiting from the advanced technology of high-speed telecommunication-grade components, and relying on a careful design of the nonlinear propagation of orthogonally polarized optical pump waves in a randomly birefringent telecom fiber, this work explores, both theoretically and experimentally, the rogue wave dynamics governed by such coupled NLSEs. We report, for the first time, the evidence of a group of three dark rogue waves, the so-called dark three-sister rogue waves, where experiments, numerics, and analytics show a very good consistency.


Volume: 97 (1)      Pages from: 013852-1  to: 013852-7

More Information: This research was partially supported by the European Union under the European Union\’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program MSCA-RISE-2015 (Grant No. 691051), by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11174050 and 11474051), by the French “Investissements d\’Avenir” program (Project No. PIA2/ISITE-BFC, contract no. ANR-15-IDEX-03) and Labex ACTION ANR-11-LABX-0001-01. The project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union\’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No. 740355).
KeyWords: Fluid dynamics; Hydrodynamics; Nonlinear equations; Optical fibers; Optical pumping; Wavefronts, Advanced technology; Dinger equation; Dynamical behaviors; High-speed telecommunications; Nonlinear propagation; Physical systems; Telecom fibers; Universal model; Nonlinear optics
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.97.013852

Citations: 77
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