Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events

Year: 2016

Authors: Akhmediev N., Kibler B., Baronio F., Belić M., Zhong W.-P., Zhang Y., Chang W., Soto-Crespo J. M., Vouzas P., Grelu P., Lecaplain C., Hammani K., Rica S., Picozzi A., Tlidi M., Panajotov K., Mussot A., Bendahmane A., Szriftgiser P., Genty G., Dudley J., Kudlinski A., Demircan A., Morgner U., Amiraranashvili S., Bree C., Steinmeyer G. Masoller C., Broderick N.G.R., Runge A.F.J., Erkintalo M., Residori S., Bortolozzo U., Arecchi F.T., Wabnitz S., Tiofack C.G., Coulibaly S., Taki M.

Autors Affiliation: Optical Sciences Group, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Acton ACT 2601, Australia;
Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, UMR6303 CNRS-Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 9 avenue A. Savary, F-21078 Dijon, France;
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università degli Studi di Brescia, and Istituto Nazionale d’Ottica, CNR, via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy;
Science Program Texas A&M University at Qatar, P.O. Box 23874 Doha, Qatar;
Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Shunde Polytechnic, Guangdong Province, Shunde 528300, People’s Republic of China;
Key Laboratory for Physical Electronics and Devices of the Ministry of Education & Shaanxi Key Lab of Information Photonic Technique, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, People’s Republic of China;
Instituto de Optica, CSIC, Serrano 121, E-28006 Madrid, Spain;
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland;
Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibánez—Avda. Diagonal las Torres 2640,Penalolen, Santiago, Chile;
Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.), CP 231,Campus Plaine, B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgium;
B-Phot., Vrije Universiteit Brussel Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussel Belgium;
Laboratoire PhLAM, UMR CNRS 8523, IRCICA, USR CNRS 3380, Université Lille 1 59655 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France;
Department of Physics, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland;
Institut FEMTO-ST, UMR 6174 CNRS-Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France;
Institut Für Quantenoptik, Leibniz-Universität Hannover, Welfengarten 1, 30167 Hannover, Germany;
Weierstrass-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, Mohrenstr. 39, 10117 Berlin, Germany;
Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Straße 2A, 12489 Berlin, Germany;
Departament de Fisica, Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, 08222 Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain;
Dodd-Walls Centre for Photonic and Quantum Technologies, Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand;
INLN, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, 1361 Route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne, France;
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Firenze, and CNR-INO, largo E. Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze, Italy

Abstract: The pioneering paper Optical rogue waves by Solli et al (2007 Nature 450 1054) started the new subfield in optics. This work launched a great deal of activity on this novel subject. As a result, the initial concept has expanded and has been enriched by new ideas. Various approaches have been suggested since then. A fresh look at the older results and new discoveries has been undertaken, stimulated by the concept of ‘optical rogue waves’. Presently, there may not by a unique view on how this new scientific term should be used and developed. There is nothing surprising when the opinion of the experts diverge in any new field of research. After all, rogue waves may appear for a multiplicity of reasons and not necessarily only in optical fibers and not only in the process of supercontinuum generation. We know by now that rogue waves may be generated by lasers, appear in wide aperture cavities, in plasmas and in a variety of other optical systems. Theorists, in turn, have suggested many other situations when rogue waves may be observed. The strict definition of a rogue wave is still an open question. For example, it has been suggested that it is defined as ‘an optical pulse whose amplitude or intensity is much higher than that of the surrounding pulses’. This definition (as suggested by a peer reviewer) is clear at the intuitive level and can be easily extended to the case of spatial beams although additional clarifications are still needed. An extended definition has been presented earlier by N Akhmediev and E Pelinovsky (2010 Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 185 1-4). Discussions along these lines are always useful and all new approaches stimulate research and encourage discoveries of new phenomena. Despite the potentially existing disagreements, the scientific terms ‘optical rogue waves’ and ‘extreme events’ do exist. Therefore coordination of our efforts in either unifying the concept or in introducing alternative definitions must be continued. From this point of view, a number of the scientists who work in this area of research have come together to present their research in a single review article that will greatly benefit all interested parties of this research direction. Whether the authors of this ‘roadmap’ have similar views or different from the original concept, the potential reader of the review will enrich their knowledge by encountering most of the existing views on the subject. Previously, a special issue on optical rogue waves (2013 J. Opt. 15 060201) was successful in achieving this goal but over two years have passed and more material has been published in this quickly emerging subject. Thus, it is time for a roadmap that may stimulate and encourage further research.


Volume: 18 (6)      Pages from: 063001-1  to: 063001-37

More Information: We acknowledge support from the Laboratoire d´Excellence CEMPI (Centre Europeen pour les Mathematiques, la Physique et leurs Interactions).
KeyWords: Nonlinear optics; Supercontinuum generation, Extreme events; New approaches; Roadmap; Rogue waves; Scientific terms; Spatial beams, Optical fibers
DOI: 10.1088/2040-8978/18/6/063001

Citations: 238
data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2024-07-07
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