The Einstein Telescope: a third-generation gravitational wave observatory

Year: 2010

Authors: Punturo M.; Abernathy M.; Acernese F.; Allen B.; Andersson N.; Arun K.; Barone F.; Barr B.; Barsuglia M.; Beker M.; Beveridge N.; Birindelli S.; Bose S.; Bosi L.; Braccini S.; Bradaschia C.; Bulik T.; Calloni E.; Cella G.; Mottin E.C.; Chelkowski S.; Chincarini A.; Clark J.; Coccia E.; Colacino C.; Colas J.; Cumming A.; Cunningham L.; Cuoco E.; Danilishin S.; Danzmann K.; De Luca G.; De Salvo R.; Dent T.; De Rosa R.; Di Fiore L.; Di Virgilio A.; Doets M.; Fafone V.; Falferi P.; Flaminio R.; Franc J.; Frasconi F.; Freise A.; Fulda P.; Gair J.; Gemme G.; Gennai A.; Giazotto A.; Glampedakis K.; Granata M.; Grote H.; Guidi G.; Hammond G.; Hannam M.; Harms J.; Heinert D.; Hendry M.; Heng I.; Hennes E.; Hild S.; Hough J.; Husa S.; Huttner S.; Jones G.; Khalili F.; Kokeyama K.; Kokkotas K.; Krishnan B.; Lorenzini M.; Luck H.; Majorana E.; Mandel I.; Mandic V.; Martin I.; Michel C.; Minenkov Y.; Morgado N.; Mosca S.; Mours B.; Muller-Ebhardt H.; Murray P.; Nawrodt R.; Nelson J.; Oshaughnessy R.; Ott C. D.; Palomba C.; Paoli A.; Parguez G.; Pasqualetti A.; Passaquieti R.; Passuello D.; Pinard L.; Poggiani R.; Popolizio P.; Prato M.; Puppo P.; Rabeling D.; Rapagnani P.; Read J.; Regimbau T.; Rehbein H.; Reid S.; Rezzolla L.; Ricci F.; Richard F.; Rocchi A.; Rowan S.; Ruediger A.; Sassolas B.; Sathyaprakash B.; Schnabel R.; Schwarz C.; Seidel P.; Sintes A.; Somiya K.; Speirits F.; Strain K.; Strigin S.; Sutton P.; Tarabrin S.; Thuering A.; van den Brand J.; van Leewen C.; van Veggel M.; van den Broeck C.; Vecchio A.; Veitch J.; Vetrano F.; Vicere A.; Vyatchanin S.; Willke B.; Woan G.; Wolfango P.; Yamamoto K.

Autors Affiliation: Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-6123 Perugia, Italy; EGO, I-56021 Cascina, Pi, Italy; Univ Glasgow, Dept Phys & Astron, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, I-6123 Perugia, Italy; Univ Salerno, I-84084 Salerno, Italy; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Univ Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England; Univ Paris 11, LAL, IN2P3, CNRS, F-91898 Orsay, France; Univ Paris Diderot Paris VII, Observ Paris, CNRS, Paris, France; Vrije Univ Amsterdam, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands; Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observ Cote Azur, F-06304 Nice, France; Washington State Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-6123 Perugia, Italy; Warsaw Univ, Astro Obs, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland; CAMK PAM, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland; Bialystok Univ, PL-15424 Bialystok, Poland; IPJ, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland; Inst Astron, PL-65265 Zielona Gora, Poland; Univ Naples Federico II, I-80126 Naples, Italy; Univ Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Genova, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Cardiff Univ, Cardiff CF24 3AA, S Glam, Wales; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Moscow MV Lomonosov State Univ, Moscow 119992, Russia; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Gran Sasso, Assergi Laquila, Italy; CALTECH, LIGO, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Grp Collegato Trento, Sez Padova, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy; Fdn Bruno Kessler, CNR, Ist Foton & Nanotecnol, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy; CNRS, IN2P3, LMA, F-69622 Lyon, France; Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England; Univ Tubingen, Theoret Astrophys TAT, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Firenze, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Univ Urbino Carlo Bo, I-61029 Urbino, Italy; Univ Vienna, Dept Phys, A-1090 Vienna, Austria; Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA; Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena PF, D-07737 Jena, Germany; Albert Einstein Inst, Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Northwestern Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Evanston, IL 60208 USA; Univ Savoie, LAPP, CNRS, IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy Le Vieux, France; Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 USA; Caltech CaRT, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Univ Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma Tre, Dipartimento Fis, I-00146 Rome, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome, Italy

Abstract: Advanced gravitational wave interferometers, currently under realization, will soon permit the detection of gravitational waves from astronomical sources. To open the era of precision gravitational wave astronomy, a further substantial improvement in sensitivity is required. The future space-based Laser Interferometer Space Antenna and the third-generation ground-based observatory Einstein Telescope (ET) promise to achieve the required sensitivity improvements in frequency ranges. The vastly improved sensitivity of the third generation of gravitational wave observatories could permit detailed measurements of the sources\’ physical parameters and could complement, in a multi-messenger approach, the observation of signals emitted by cosmological sources obtained through other kinds of telescopes. This paper describes the progress of the ET project which is currently in its design study phase.

Journal/Review: CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY

Volume: 27 (19)      Pages from: 194002  to: 194002

KeyWords: Einstein Telescope; gravitational waves;
DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/27/19/194002

Citations: 851
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