Fixed-node diffusion Monte Carlo study of the BCS-BEC crossover in a bilayer system of fermionic dipoles
Authors: Matveeva N., Giorgini S.
Autors Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento and CNR-INO BEC Center, I-38050 Povo, Trento, Italy
Abstract: We investigate the BCS-BEC crossover in a bilayer system of fermionic dipoles at zero temperature using the fixed-node diffusion Monte Carlo technique. The dipoles are confined on two parallel planes separated by a distance lambda and are aligned perpendicular to the planes by an external field. The interlayer pairing, which is responsible for the superfluid behavior of the system, crosses from a weak- to a strong-coupling regime by reducing the separation distance lambda. For a fixed in-plane density equal in the two layers, we calculate the ground-state energy, the chemical potential, the pairing gap, and the quasiparticle dispersion as a function of the interlayer separation. At large lambda one recovers the ground-state energy of a single layer of fermions, and at small lambda one recovers that of a single layer of composite bosons with twice the particle mass and the dipole moment. The superfluid gap varies from the exponentially small BCS result to half of the large two-body binding energy in the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) regime of strong interlayer pairing. Results are compared with the predictions of the simplest mean-field theory valid in the low-density limit, and deviations are observed both in the BCS regime, where in-plane repulsions are important, and in the BEC regime, where the mean-field approach fails to describe the physics of composite dipolar bosons.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume: 90 (5) Pages from: 053620 to: 053620
KeyWords: ultracold gasesDOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.053620Citations: 15data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2020-06-28References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here