Design of silicon micro-resonators with low mechanical and optical losses for quantum optics experiments

Year: 2014

Authors: Borrielli A., Bonaldi M., Serra E., Bagolini A., Bellutti P., Cataliotti F.S., Marin F., Marino F., Pontin A., Prodi G.A., Pandraud G., Sarro P.M., Lorito G., Zoumpoulidis T.

Autors Affiliation: Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism, Nanoscience – Trento-FBK Division Trento Italy;
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Gruppo Collegato di Trento, Trento, Italy;
Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Computational Science (LISC), FBK-University of Trento, Trento, Italy;
Department of Microelectronics and Computer, Engineering ECTM DIMES, Feldmanweg, Delft, The Netherlands;
Microtechnology Laboratory FBK-CMM, Trento, Italy;
Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy;
European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy;
Sezione di Firenze, INFN, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy;
CNR-INO, Firenze, Italy;
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, Trento Italy;
Iszgro Diodes BV, Delft, The Netherlands

Abstract: The interaction of the radiation pressure with micro-mechanical oscillators is earning a growing interest for its wide-range applications and for fundamental research. In this contribution we describe the fabrication of a family of opto-mechanical devices specifically designed to ease the detection of ponderomotive squeezing and of entanglement between macroscopic objects and light. These phenomena are not easily observed, due to the overwhelming effects of classical noise sources of thermal origin with respect to the weak quantum fluctuations of the radiation pressure. A low thermal noise background is required, together with a weak interaction between the micro-mirror and this background (i.e. high mechanical quality factors). In the development of our opto-mechanical devices, we heve explored an approach focused on relatively thick silicon oscillators with high reflectivity coating. The relatively high mass is compensated by the capability to manage high power at low temperatures, owing to a favourable geometric factor (thicker connectors) and the excellent thermal conductivity of silicon crystals at cryogenic temperature. We have measured at cryogenic temperatures mechanical quality factors up to 10(5) in a micro-oscillator designed to reduce as much as possible the strain in the coating layer and the consequent energy dissipation. This design improves an approach applied in micro-mirror and micro-cantilevers, where the coated surface is reduced as much as possible to improve the quality factor. The deposition of the highly reflective coating layer has been carefully integrated in the micro-machining process to preserve its low optical losses.


Volume: 20 (4-5)      Pages from: 907  to: 910

KeyWords: Optomechanics
DOI: 10.1007/s00542-014-2078-y

Citations: 8
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