Frequency modulation spectroscopy by means of quantum-cascade lasers

Year: 2006

Authors: Borri S., Bartalini S., De Natale P., Inguscio M., Gmachl C., Capasso F., Sivco D.L., Cho A.Y.

Autors Affiliation: European Laboratory for Nonlinear Spectroscopy (LENS), Via N. Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy;
Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università di Firenze, Via G. Sansone1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy;
CNR – Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Largo E. Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze, Italy;
Electrical Engineering Dept., Princeton University, Princeton NJ 08544, USA;
Division Of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvad University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Ave., Murray Hill, NJ 07974, USA

Abstract: In this paper we investigate the performance of quantum cascade (QC) lasers for high frequency modulation spectroscopy, particularly using frequency modulation (FM) and two-tone (2T) techniques. The coupling of the rf signal to the QC laser through the cryostat is studied in detail as well as the noise contributions of both the detector and the laser source to the final spectra. The experimental traces are obtained by spectroscopy on low-pressure N2O and CH4 gases at 8.0 mu m and 7.3 mu m wavelength, respectively, and reproduce the line profiles predicted by theory. As a preliminary result, an enhancement of a factor six is measured with respect to direct absorption line recording.

Journal/Review: APPLIED PHYSICS B-LASERS AND OPTICS

Volume: 85 (2-3)      Pages from: 223  to: 229

KeyWords: Detectors; Frequency modulation; Gases; Methane; Nitrogen oxides; Spectroscopic analysis; Spurious signal noise; Trace analysis, Frequency modulation spectroscopy; Quantum-cascade lasers; Radiofrequency signals; Wavelength, Lasers
DOI: 10.1007/s00340-006-2343-6

Citations: 36
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