Mach-Zehnder interferometry at the heisenberg limit with coherent and squeezed-vacuum light

Year: 2008

Authors: Pezzé L., Smerzi A.

Autors Affiliation: BEC-CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, I-38050 Povo, Italy

Abstract: We show that the phase sensitivity Delta theta of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer illuminated by a coherent state in one input port and a squeezed-vacuum state in the other port is (i) independent of the true value of the phase shift and (ii) can reach the Heisenberg limit Delta theta similar to 1/N(T), where N(T) is the average number of input particles. We also demonstrate that the Cramer-Rao lower bound of phase sensitivity, Delta theta similar to 1/root|alpha|(2)e(2r)+sinh(2)r, can be saturated for arbitrary values of the squeezing parameter r and the amplitude of the coherent mode alpha by using a Bayesian phase inference protocol.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS

Volume: 100 (7)      Pages from: 073601  to: 073601

KeyWords: quantum interferometry; heisenberg limit;
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.073601

Citations: 218
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