Transport and disruption of Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices

Year: 2004

Authors: Scott R. G., Martin A. M., Bujkiewicz S., Fromhold T. M., Malossi N., Cristiani M., Morsch O., Arimondo E.

Autors Affiliation: School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom; INFM, Dipartimento di Fisicia, Università di Pisa, Via Buonarroti 2, I-56127 Pisa, Italy

Abstract: We present theoretical and experimental studies of the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates in a one-dimensional optical lattice and a three-dimensional harmonic trap. For low atom densities and inertial forces, the condensate performs regular Bloch oscillations, and its center-of-mass motion closely follows semiclassical single-particle trajectories, shaped by the lowest-energy band. But in other regimes, the center-of-mass motion disrupts the internal structure of the condensate by generating solitons and vortex rings, which can trigger explosive expansion of the atom cloud. We use images of the atom cloud to provide experimental evidence for this internal disruption, and find that the process occurs most readily in high-density condensates undergoing slow Bloch oscillations.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 69 (3)      Pages from: 033605-1  to: 033605-8

KeyWords: Bose-Einstein condensation; Optical lattices;
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.69.033605

Citations: 37
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