Non-Invasive Evaluation of Polymeric Protective Coatings for Metal Surfaces of Cultural Heritage Objects: Comparison of Optical and Electromagnetic Methods

Year: 2022

Authors: Quintero Balbas D.I., Dal Fovo A., Porcu D., Chaban A., Porcinai S., Fontana R., Striova J.

Autors Affiliation: National Research Council–National Institute of Optics (CNR-INO), Largo E. Fermi 6, 50125 Florence, Italy; Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”, University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3-13, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Center for Colloid and Surface Science, University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Laboratorio Scientifico, Opificio delle Pietre Dure-MiC, Viale F. Strozzi, 1, 50129 Firenze, Italy

Abstract: Featured Application Non-invasive measurement of protective coatings applied to metallic surfaces for monitoring their efficacy in the conservation of cultural heritage. The application of protective coatings is an effective preventive strategy to avoid metal corrosion. Constant monitoring of the coating?s quality is fundamental for the successful preservation of the metallic objects by reducing their interaction with corroding agents. Their evaluation over time helps to identify failure at early stages and promote their removal and substitution. Several methods have been employed for coating evaluation (i.e., chemical analysis, thickness and homogeneity investigation). In this paper, we compare three methods-Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Confocal Raman Microspectroscopy (CRM), and Eddy Currents (ECs)-to evaluate thickness values and coating integrity. The results from the two optical techniques (CRM and OCT) agree, being able to detect the inhomogeneity of the layer on a micron scale but requiring correction to account for the refraction phenomenon. The Eddy Current is a fast and efficient method for thickness estimation, providing data with millimetric lateral resolution.


Volume: 12 (15)      Pages from: 7532-1  to: 7532-12

More Information: This research was funded by Regione Toscana (POR FSE 2014-2020, “Giovanisi”, Intervention Program “CNR4C”, RS4Art and SuperTech3D projects, CUP B15J19001040004).
KeyWords: protective coatings; cultural heritage; OCT; Confocal Raman; Eddy Current; metallic surfaces
DOI: 10.3390/app12157532