Toward Fully-Fledged Quantum and Classical Communication Over Deployed Fiber with Up-Conversion Module

Year: 2021

Authors: Bacco D.; Vagniluca I.; Cozzolino D.; Friis S.M.M.; Hogstedt L.; Giudice A.; Calonico D.; Cataliotti F.S.; Rottwitt K.; Zavatta A.

Autors Affiliation: Center for Silicon Photonics for Optical Communication (SPOC), Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs., Lyngby, Denmark; Department of Physics “”Ettore Pancini””, University of Naples “”Federico II””, Naples, 80126, Italy; CNR – Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (CNR-INO), Largo E. Fermi, Firenze, 6 – 50125, Italy; NLIR ApS, Hirsemarken 1, 1st floor, Farum, 3520, Denmark; Micro Photon Devices S.r.l., via Antonio Stradivari 4, Bolzano, 39100,Italy; I.N.Ri.M. Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, Torino, 10135, Italy; LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Firenze, Via G. Sansone, Sesto Fiorentino, 1 – 50019, Italy; QTI SRL, Largo Enrico Fermi, Firenze, 6 – 50125, Italy

Abstract: Quantum key distribution (QKD), the distribution of quantum secured keys useful for data encryption, is expected to have a crucial impact in the next decades. However, despite the notable achievements accomplished in the last 20 years, many practical and serious challenges are limiting the full deployment of this novel quantum technology in the current telecommunication infrastructures. In particular, the co-propagation of quantum signals and high-speed data traffic within the same optical fiber is not completely resolved, due to the intrinsic noise caused by the high-intensity of the classical signals. As a consequence, current co-propagation schemes limit the amount of classical optical power in order to reduce the overall link noise. However, this ad-hoc solution restrains the range of possibilities for a large scale QKD deployment. Here, a new method, based on up-conversion assisted receiver, for co-propagating classical light and QKD signals is proposed and demonstrated. In addition, its performances are compared with an off-the-shelf quantum receiver, equipped with a standard single-photon detector, over different lengths of an installed fiber link. The authors? proposal exhibits higher tolerance for noise in comparison to the standard receiver, thus enabling the distribution of secret keys in the condition of 4 dB-higher classical power.


Volume: 4 (7)      Pages from: 2000156-1  to: 2000156-8

More Information: This work was supported by the Center of Excellence SPOC – Silicon Photonics for Optical Communications (ref DNRF123), by the EraNET Cofund Initiatives QuantERA within the European Union´s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program grant agreement No.731473 (project SQUARE) and by the NATO Science for Peace and Security program under Grant No. G5485.
KeyWords: frequency up-conversion; quantum communication; wavelength multiplexing
DOI: 10.1002/qute.202000156