In-plane, out-of-plane, and time-average speckle interferometry experiments with a digital photocamera

Year: 2005

Authors: Vannoni M., Molesini G.

Autors Affiliation: Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Largo E. Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze, Italy

Abstract: We discuss classical experiments in the field of laser speckle interferometry. The typical optical setup consists of a laser diode and off-the-shelf optical elements, like a lens to expand the beam and plane mirrors to deflect it. A low-cost commercial CCD photocamera is used to acquire the speckle images. Items investigated are diffusing objects, illuminated with the laser diode and imaged on the CCD under appropriate experimental conditions. Pictures are taken both with the object at rest and under stress. The pictures are subtracted from one another with a standard software, pixel by pixel; the subtraction reveals fringes of the deformation occurred between the two exposures. With interferograms obtained in this way, we can study mechanical systems with an accuracy of the order of the wavelength of the light source used. Changing the optical setup, the measurement becomes sensitive to stresses along the camera optical axis direction (out-of-plane) or in the perpendicular plane (in-plane). Making long-time exposures it is also possible to study vibrational modes of suitable items (time-average). Three different setups are investigated and examples of measurement are reported.

Conference title:

KeyWords: Cameras; Charge coupled devices; Interferometry; Light sources; Optical devices; Semiconductor lasers; CCD photocamera; Laser speckle interferometry; Plane mirrors; Speckle
DOI: 10.1117/12.597052

Citations: 1
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