NiO/ZnO nanowire-heterostructures by vapor phase growth for gas sensing

Year: 2016

Authors: Kaur N., Comini E., Poli N., Zappa D., Sberveglieri G.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Brescia, SENSOR Lab, Via D Valotti 9, I-25133 Brescia, Italy; Univ Brescia, CNR INO, Via D Valotti 9, I-25133 Brescia, Italy

Abstract: Physical interface between p and n-types semiconducting materials known as p-n junction or heterojunction represents the key technology in many electronic and optoelectronic devices such as gas sensors. In this work we are presenting a novel method for the growth of NiO/ZnO (NWs) based heterostructures with vapor phase mechanism and their preliminary sensing study for acetone. To fabricate the NiO/ZnO NWs heterostructures, firstly NiO nanowires were grown on alumina substrates with VaporLiquid- Solid (VLS) method and then Vapor-Solid (VS) method was used for the growth of ZnO nanowires on as grown NiO nanowires. The surface morphology of NiO nanowires and NiO/ZnO heterostructures were investigated with scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Raman spectroscopy has also been used for the structural characterization of heterostructures. A set of conductromertric sensing devices based on NiO/ZnO heterostructures have been prepared. The preliminary sensing performance of NiO/ZnO NWs heterostructure devices towards acetone at temperature of 400 degrees C is reported in this work. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

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KeyWords: Nickel oxide; Zinc oxide; Sputtering; Nanowires; Heterostructure; Gas senosr