Curved spacetime from interacting gauge theories
Authors: Butera S., Westerberg N., Faccio D., Ohberg P.
Autors Affiliation: Univ Trento, INO CNR BEC Ctr, I-38123 Povo, Italy; Univ Trento, Dipartimento Fis, I-38123 Povo, Italy; Heriot Watt Univ, SUPA, Inst Photon & Quantum Sci, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Midlothian, Scotland; Univ Glasgow, Sch Phys & Astron, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland
Abstract: Phonons in a Bose-Einstein condensate can be made to behave as if they propagate in curved spacetime by controlling the condensate flow speed. Seemingly disconnected to this, artificial gauge potentials can be induced in charge neutral atomic condensates by for instance coupling two atomic levels to a laser field. In this work, we connect these two worlds and show that synthetic interacting gauge fields, i.e. density-dependent gauge potentials, induce a non-trivial spacetime structure for the phonons. Whilst the creation of effective horizons for phonons solely depends on the flow speed of the condensate, this allows for the creation of new spacetime geometries which can be easily designed by tuning the transverse laser phase. By exploiting this new degree of freedom we show that effectively charged phonons in 2+1 dimensions can be simulated, which behave as if they move under the influence of both a gravitational and an electromagnetic field.
Journal/Review: CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY
Volume: 36 (3) Pages from: 034002-1 to: 034002-13
KeyWords: analogue gravity; artificial gauge fields; effective spacetime; effective charged phonons; Bose-Einstein condensateDOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/aaf9f6Citations: 4data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-12-05References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here