Hanbury Brown and Twiss Bunching of Phonons and of the Quantum Depletion in an Interacting Bose Gas
Authors: Cayla H., Butera S., Carcy C., Tenart A., Herce G., Mancini M., Aspect A., Carusotto I., Clement D.
Autors Affiliation: Univ Paris Saclay, Lab Charles Fabry, CNRS, Inst Opt Grad Sch, F-91127 Palaiseau, France; Univ Glasgow, Sch Phys & Astron, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland; Univ Trento, INO CNR BEC Ctr, I-38123 Povo, Italy; Univ Trento, Dipartimento Fis, I-38123 Povo, Italy
Abstract: We report the realization of a Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT)-like experiment with a gas of interacting bosons at low temperatures. The low-temperature regime is reached in a three-dimensional optical lattice arid atom-atom correlations are extracted from the detection of individual metastable helium atoms after a long free fall. We observe, in the noncondensed fraction of the gas, a HBT bunching whose properties strongly deviate from the HBT signals expected for noninteracting bosons. In addition, we show that the measured correlations reflect the peculiar quantum statistics of atoms belonging to the quantum depletion and of the Bogoliubov phonons, i.e., of collective excitations of the many-body quantum state. Our results demonstrate that atom-atom correlations provide information about the quantum state of interacting particles, extending the interest of HBT-like experiments beyond the case of noninteracting particles.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
Volume: 125 (6) Pages from: 165301-1 to: 165301-6
KeyWords: INTERFEROMETRY; NOISEDOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.165301Citations: 1data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-02-28References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here