Polarization in a three-dimensional Fermi gas with Rabi coupling
Authors: Penna V., Salasnich L.
Autors Affiliation: Politecn Torino, Dipartimento Sci Applicata & Tecnol, Corso Duca Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin, Italy; CNISM, Corso Duca Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin, Italy; Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Univ Padua, CNISM, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy; CNR, INO, Via Nello Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
Abstract: We investigate the polarization of a two-component three-dimensional fermionic gas made of repulsive alkali-metal atoms. The two pseudo-spin components correspond to two hyperfine states which are Rabi coupled. The presence of Rabi coupling implies that only the total number of atoms is conserved and a quantum phase transition between states dominated by spin-polarization along different axses is possible. By using a variational Hartree-Fock scheme we calculate analytically the ground-state energy of the system and determine analytically and numerically the conditions under which there is this quantum phase transition. This scheme includes the well-known criterion for the Stoner instability. The obtained phase diagram clearly shows that the polarized phase crucially depends on the interplay among the Rabi coupling energy, the interaction energy per particle, and the kinetic energy per particle.
Journal/Review: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS
Volume: 52 (3) Pages from: 035301-1 to: 035301-7
KeyWords: fermion gas; Rabi coupling; spin polarizationDOI: 10.1088/1361-6455/aaf5feCitations: 2data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-12-05References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here