Scientific Results

Measuring geometric phases with a dynamical quantum Zeno effect in a Bose-Einstein condensate

Year: 2019

Authors: Do H. V., Gessner M., Cataliotti F.S., Smerzi A.

Autors Affiliation: European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy, University of Florence, Via N. Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Firenze, Italy; QSTAR and CNR-INO, Largo Enrico Fermi 2, 50125 Firenze, Italy; Département de Physique, École Normale Supérieure, PSL Université, CNRS, 24 Rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France; Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, ENS-PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Collège de France, 24 Rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Florence, via G. Sansone 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy

Abstract: A closed-trajectory evolution of a quantum state generally imprints a phase that contains both dynamical and geometrical contributions. While dynamical phases depend on the reference system, geometric phase factors are uniquely defined by the properties of the outlined trajectory. Here we generate and measure geometric phases in a Bose-Einstein condensate of 87Rb using a combination of the dynamical quantum Zeno effect and measurementfree evolution. We show that the dynamical quantum Zeno effect can inhibit the formation of a geometric phase without altering the dynamical phase. This can be used to extract the geometric Aharonov-Anandan phase from any closed-trajectory evolution without requiring knowledge or control of the Hamiltonian.

Journal/Review:

Volume: 1      Pages from: 033028-1  to: 033028-7

KeyWords: Quantum Zeno effect, Atom Chips, Geometrical Phase
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.1.033028