Experimental properties of Bose-Einstein condensates in one-dimensional optical lattices: Bloch oscillations, Landau-Zener tunneling, and mean-field effects
Autori: Cristiani M., Morsch O., Mϋller J.H., Ciampini D., Arimondo E.
Affiliazione autori: INFM, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Pisa, Via Buonarroti 2, I-56127 Pisa, Italy
Abstract: We report experimental results on the properties of Bose-Einstein condensates in one-dimensional optical lattices. By accelerating the lattice, we observed Bloch oscillations of the condensate in the lowest band, as well as Landau-Zener (LZ) tunneling into higher bands when the lattice depth was reduced and/or the acceleration of the lattice was increased. The dependence of the LZ tunneling rate on the condensate density was then related to mean-field effects modifying the effective potential acting on the condensate, yielding good agreement with recent theoretical work. We also present several methods for measuring the lattice depth and discuss the effects of the micromotion in the time-orbiting-potential trap on our experimental results.
Giornale/Rivista: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume: 65 (6) Da Pagina: 063612-1 A: 063612-11
Parole chiavi: Bose-Einstein condensation; Optical lattices; Landau-Zener tunnelingDOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.65.063612Citazioni: 191dati da “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) aggiornati al: 2023-12-03Riferimenti tratti da Isi Web of Knowledge: (solo abbonati) Link per visualizzare la scheda su IsiWeb: Clicca quiLink per visualizzare la citazioni su IsiWeb: Clicca qui