Superfluids, Fluctuations and Disorder
Autori: Cappelano A., Salasnich L.
Affiliazione autori: Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Univ Padua, CNISM, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy; CNR, INO, Via Nello Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
Abstract: We present a field-theory description of ultracold bosonic atoms in the presence of a disordered external potential. By means of functional integration techniques, we aim to investigate and review the interplay between disordered energy landscapes and fluctuations, both thermal and quantum ones. Within the broken-symmetry phase, up to the Gaussian level of approximation, the disorder contribution crucially modifies both the condensate depletion and the superfluid response. Remarkably, it is found that the ordered (i.e., superfluid) phase can be destroyed also in regimes where the random external potential is suitable for a perturbative analysis. We analyze the simplest case of quenched disorder and then we move to present the implementation of the replica trick for ultracold bosonic systems. In both cases, we discuss strengths and limitations of the reviewed approach, paying specific attention to possible extensions and the most recent experimental outputs
Giornale/Rivista: APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL
Volume: 9 (7) Da Pagina: 1498-1 A: 1498-21
Parole chiavi: cold atoms; superfluidity; disorderDOI: 10.3390/app9071498Citazioni: 3dati da “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) aggiornati al: 2021-04-11Riferimenti tratti da Isi Web of Knowledge: (solo abbonati) Link per visualizzare la scheda su IsiWeb: Clicca quiLink per visualizzare la citazioni su IsiWeb: Clicca qui