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Quantitative assessment of passive electrical properties of the cardiac T-tubular system by FRAP microscopy

  Articoli su Riviste JCR/ISI  (anno 2017)

Autori:  Scardigli M., Crocini C., Ferrantini C., Gabbrielli T., Silvestri L., Coppini R., Tesi C., Rog-Zielinska E., Kohl P., Cerbai E., Poggesi C., Pavone F. S., Sacconi L

Affiliazione Autori:  European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; National Institute of Optics, National Research Council, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Division of Physiology, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy; Division of Pharmacology, Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Psicologia, Area del Farmaco e Salute del Bambino, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy; Institute for Experimental Cardiovascular Medicine, University Heart Center Freiburg-Bad Krozingen, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, 79110 Freiburg, Germany; The Magdi Yacoub Institute, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, UB9 6JH London, United Kingdom; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Florence, 50019 Florence, Italy

Riassunto:  Well-coordinated activation of all cardiomyocytes must occur on every heartbeat. At the cell level, a complex network of sarcolemmal invaginations, called the transverse-axial tubular system (TATS), propagates membrane potential changes to the cell core, ensuring synchronous and uniform excitation-contraction coupling. Although myocardial conduction of excitation has been widely described, the electrical properties of the TATS remain mostly unknown. Here, we exploit the formal analogy between diffusion and electrical conductivity to link the latter with the diffusional properties of TATS. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) microscopy is used to probe the diffusion properties of TATS in isolated rat cardiomyocytes: A fluorescent dextran inside TATS lumen is photobleached, and signal recovery by diffusion of unbleached dextran from the extracellular space is monitored. We designed a mathematical model to correlate the time constant of fluorescence recovery with the apparent diffusion coefficient of the fluorescent molecules. Then, apparent diffusion is linked to electrical conductivity and used to evaluate the efficiency of the passive spread of membrane depolarization along TATS. The method is first validated in cells where most TATS elements are acutely detached by osmotic shock and then applied to probe TATS electrical conductivity in failing heart cells. We find that acute and pathological tubular remodeling significantly affect TATS electrical conductivity. This may explain the occurrence of defects in action potential propagation at the level of single T-tubules, recently observed in diseased cardiomyocytes.

Volume n.:  114 (22)      Pagine da: 5737  a: 5742
Parole chiave: cardiac disease - diffusion - electrical conductivity - porous rock - transverse-axial tubular system
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1702188114

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